What is an AirDrop?

A cryptocurrency airdrop is a marketing campaign that involves giving away free tokens or coins to a specific group of people or to the general public. Airdrops are often used to create awareness, generate buzz, and increase the adoption of a particular cryptocurrency or blockchain project.

The process of receiving an airdrop typically involves providing your public wallet address, completing a series of tasks or fulfilling certain requirements, such as following the project's social media accounts, referring friends, or participating in a survey. Once you meet the criteria, the project will then send you the tokens or coins.

Airdrops can be seen as a form of distribution and can help to decentralize the ownership of a particular cryptocurrency. It also offers an opportunity for individuals to own and hold a new asset without having to purchase it through an exchange.

In conclusion, a cryptocurrency airdrop is a tool used by blockchain projects to reward their communities and create a decentralized distribution of their token. While airdrops may seem like free money, it's important to do your research and understand the risks involved before participating in any airdrop campaign.

Simplified Example

A cryptocurrency airdrop is like getting a free surprise gift from a friend. Your friend might say, "If you have this toy that I like, I'll give you a surprise toy that's similar to it, just because I feel like it." In the same way, a cryptocurrency company might say, "If you have this digital money, we'll give you some of our digital money for free, just because we want to spread the word about it." So, you end up with a surprise gift of digital money just for holding onto the digital money you already have.

History of the Term "AirDrop"

The term "cryptocurrency airdrop" is thought to have surfaced in the early 2010s with the rise of the practice of distributing cryptocurrency tokens directly to the wallets of existing cryptocurrency holders. The metaphorical use of the term "airdrop" draws an analogy to the way goods or leaflets are scattered from an airplane, capturing the essence of the widespread and often unexpected distribution of cryptocurrency tokens to a broad audience.


Binance Coin (BNB) Airdrop: Binance, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges, conducted an airdrop for its Binance Coin (BNB) token. Users who held a certain amount of Binance's native token during a specified time period received free BNB tokens as a reward.

Stellar Lumens (XLM) Airdrop: Stellar Lumens, a blockchain platform for digital assets, conducted an airdrop for its XLM token. Users who held Bitcoin during a specified time period received free XLM tokens as a reward.

Ethereum Classic (ETC) Airdrop: Ethereum Classic, a blockchain platform for decentralized applications, conducted an airdrop for its ETC token. Users who held Ethereum during a specified time period received free ETC tokens as a reward.

  • Initial Coin Offering (ICO): A form of crowdfunding that has become increasingly popular in recent years.

  • Wallet: A secure digital wallet used to store, send, and receive digital currencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin.