What is Big Tech?

Big Tech is a term used to describe a group of large technology companies that have become dominant in their respective industries. These companies are often characterized by their size, influence, and impact on society and the economy.

Big Tech includes companies such as Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, and Microsoft, which are known for their innovative products, services, and technologies. These companies have revolutionized the way we live, work, and communicate, and have become essential components of the global economy.

In recent years, Big Tech has come under increasing scrutiny from regulators, policymakers, and the public due to concerns about privacy, competition, and the concentration of power in the hands of a few large companies. Critics argue that Big Tech companies have become too powerful and have a negative impact on competition and innovation, while others believe that they play a vital role in driving economic growth and improving people's lives.

Despite the controversies surrounding Big Tech, these companies continue to grow and expand their reach. They are involved in a wide range of industries, from retail and e-commerce to search and advertising, and are investing heavily in cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and the Internet of Things.

Simplified Example

Big tech can be compared to a giant shopping mall with many big brand stores. Just as a shopping mall might have many big name stores selling different products, big tech companies offer a wide range of products and services, such as search engines, social media, online marketplaces, and more. Just as a shopping mall might be a one-stop destination for many customers, big tech companies often have a vast reach and a wide variety of offerings, making them a go-to destination for many people looking for a particular product or service. And just as a shopping mall might have a lot of foot traffic and a lot of influence over what products are popular and in demand, big tech companies have a lot of data and a lot of control over what information and products people see and use. In short, big tech can be thought of as a giant shopping mall with many big brand stores, offering a wide range of products and services and having a lot of reach and influence.

History of the Term Big Tech

The term "big tech" emerged in the late 20th century to describe dominant technology corporations with substantial market influence and extensive reach across various digital services and products. Initially, it gained prominence in the early 2000s as companies like Google, Microsoft, Apple, and Amazon solidified their positions as leaders in the tech industry. These companies amassed significant user bases, offering an array of services from search engines and operating systems to e-commerce and cloud computing. The term gained traction as these corporations shaped and transformed the technological landscape, drawing attention to their considerable impact on society, economics, and innovation. As they expanded their global footprint, the term "big tech" became synonymous with influential corporations wielding substantial power in the digital realm.


The Big Five: dominant players in their respective areas of technology: artificial intelligence, e-commerce, online advertising, consumer electronics, cloud computing, computer software, media streaming, smart home, self-driving cars, and social networking.

Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon: GAFA is an acronym that refers to the four largest and most influential technology companies in the world: Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon. These companies have a significant impact on the global economy and society due to their dominant market positions in search engines, mobile devices, social media, and e-commerce.

Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent, and Xiaomi (collectively known as BATX): Chinese based companies on a model similar to that of GAFA (refers to the United States top 4 largest companies by capitalization) has made them masters of many sectors of activity, and the services they provide to the authorities have led them to see themselves as invincible.

  • Regulatory Compliance: Regulatory compliance refers to the process of adhering to laws and regulations set by government agencies and other governing bodies.

  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3): Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) is a cloud-based data storage service offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).