What is Curve AMM?

Curve is an automated market maker (AMM) that is designed to provide highly efficient and low-slippage trades for stablecoins. Unlike traditional order book exchanges, Curve uses a constant function market maker (CFMM) model, which is designed to provide high liquidity and low volatility for stablecoins. By focusing solely on stablecoins, Curve is able to provide a more efficient trading experience for users who are looking to exchange stablecoins with minimal slippage and fees.

One of the key features of the Curve AMM is its use of liquidity pools that are optimized for stablecoins. These pools consist of various stablecoins, such as USDC, USDT, DAI, and others, which are used to provide liquidity for trades on the Curve platform. By focusing on stablecoins, Curve is able to minimize the risks associated with volatile assets while providing high liquidity for its users.

Another important aspect of Curve's design is its use of a bonding curve to price trades. This means that as more tokens are purchased, the price of the token increases, and as tokens are sold, the price decreases. This ensures that the market remains stable and that there are no sudden price fluctuations due to large orders or market manipulation.

Finally, Curve also incorporates various mechanisms to ensure that its liquidity pools are properly balanced and that the platform remains secure. This includes a dynamic fee system that adjusts fees based on the current state of the market, as well as other measures to prevent flash loan attacks and other forms of manipulation. Overall, the Curve AMM provides a highly efficient and low-slippage trading experience for stablecoins, making it a popular choice for traders and investors looking to exchange stablecoins in a secure and efficient manner.

Simplified Example

Curve AMM is a bit like a special vending machine where you can trade one type of candy for another type of candy.

Imagine you have a bag of blue candy and you want to trade it for some red candy. You go to the vending machine, put your bag of blue candy in, and the vending machine gives you some red candy back. But the amount of red candy you get depends on how much blue candy you put in and how much red candy is already in the machine.

Curve AMM works the same way, but with digital currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum. Instead of candy, you can trade one type of digital currency for another type of digital currency. But just like with the vending machine, the amount of the new currency you get depends on how much of the old currency you put in and how much of the new currency is already in the Curve AMM.

Curve AMM is useful because it allows people to exchange digital currencies without having to go through a central exchange or middleman. It's like having a vending machine that can exchange any type of candy you have for any other type of candy, without needing to go to a store or talk to a person to make the trade.

Who Invented Curve AMM?

Michael Egorov is widely acknowledged as the pioneering mind behind the creation of Curve Finance's Automated Market Maker (AMM) protocol. As a prominent figure in the decentralized finance (DeFi) realm, Egorov demonstrated exceptional ingenuity and technical acumen, envisioning a solution to tackle the challenges of efficient stablecoin trading. His expertise and profound understanding of DeFi's intricacies culminated in the development of Curve AMM, a groundbreaking protocol tailored for stablecoin trading. Egorov's innovative approach aimed to provide liquidity with minimal slippage for users exchanging stablecoins within the DeFi space.

With an astute grasp of financial markets and blockchain technology, Egorov's contributions to the DeFi ecosystem were instrumental. Curve AMM's unique design and functionality revolutionized the trading of stablecoins, offering users an avenue for seamless and cost-effective transactions. Egorov's vision and dedication to creating a robust and reliable platform have solidified his legacy as a pioneering figure in DeFi, significantly influencing the landscape of decentralized finance with the introduction of Curve Finance.


Uniswap-style Constant Product AMM: Uniswap is an example of a constant product automated market maker (AMM). The basic idea behind this type of AMM is that the product of the liquidity pool's token amounts remains constant, which means that as one token's price increases, the other token's price decreases in such a way that the product remains constant.

Balancer-style Basket AMM: Balancer is an example of a basket automated market maker (AMM). In this type of AMM, each liquidity pool contains a basket of tokens, where each token has a specific weight. When a user wants to trade one token for another, the AMM algorithm calculates the new weights based on the trade size and executes the trade by updating the liquidity pool.

Curve-style Stablecoin AMM: Curve is an example of a stablecoin automated market maker (AMM). The primary focus of this type of AMM is to provide low-slippage trading between stablecoins such as USDC, DAI, and USDT. The AMM algorithm dynamically adjusts the weight of each stablecoin in the liquidity pool to maintain a constant price relationship between the stablecoins, which ensures low-slippage trading even during periods of high volatility in the crypto market.

  • Liquidity Pool: A liquidity pool is a collection of assets, usually digital or cryptocurrency, that are held in reserve to provide liquidity to various markets.

  • Automated Market Maker (AMM): Automated Market Maker (AMM) is a decentralized platform that uses algorithms to determine the price of assets and provide liquidity to the market.