What is a Decentralization Ratio?

Decentralization Ratio is a way to measure how much of something is coming from different places. It's used to measure the proportion of an asset's value that comes from decentralized sources.

When something is decentralized, it means that it's spread out and not controlled by one single person or group. It's like when you have a lot of different people working together on a project, instead of just one person in charge.

For example, in the case of a cryptocurrency, the Decentralization Ratio can be used to measure how much of the value of the cryptocurrency comes from different people and groups who are using it and trading it, instead of just one central group controlling it.

The Decentralization Ratio is also used to compute a stablecoin’s excessive off-chain risk. A stablecoin is a type of cryptocurrency that is pegged to the value of another asset like the US dollar. It is called excessive off-chain risk when a stablecoin is not backed by enough assets to support its value. This can happen when a stablecoin is not being used by many different people and groups, which is where the Decentralization Ratio comes in.

Simplified Example

The "Decentralization Ratio" is a measure that helps us understand how much control or power is spread across a network instead of being in one central place. Think of it like a game where everyone is playing together, and no single person is in charge. In a decentralized system, decisions are made by many people, not just one. This ratio tells us how well the power and decision-making are shared among different parts of a network, making sure it's fair and not controlled by just a few. The higher the decentralization ratio, the more evenly the power is distributed, making the system more democratic and less likely to be controlled by a single entity.

History of the Term Decentralization Ratio

The term "Decentralization Ratio" emerged within the blockchain and cryptocurrency sphere, predominantly in the mid-2010s, reflecting the degree of decentralization within a blockchain network. It encompasses various metrics assessing the distribution of nodes, governance, and control across the network. It became crucial in evaluating the health and robustness of blockchain networks, emphasizing the distribution of control and decision-making power among participants rather than centralized entities. The term remains a cornerstone in assessing the democratic and resilient nature of decentralized networks within the cryptocurrency landscape.


Bitcoin: Bitcoin is often cited as one of the most decentralized cryptocurrencies, with a large number of users and a widespread distribution of mining power. The decentralization ratio of Bitcoin is measured by the concentration of mining power, with the majority of the mining power being distributed among many different entities, rather than being centralized in the hands of a few large mining pools. This helps to ensure the security and stability of the network, as well as to prevent any single entity from having too much control over the network.

Ethereum: Like Bitcoin, Ethereum is also a decentralized cryptocurrency, with a large and diverse network of users and a well-distributed mining community. However, Ethereum's decentralization ratio is slightly lower than Bitcoin's, with a slightly higher concentration of mining power among a smaller number of mining pools. This is largely due to the increased complexity of Ethereum's consensus algorithm, which requires more specialized hardware to participate in the network.

Ripple: Unlike Bitcoin and Ethereum, Ripple is a centralized cryptocurrency, with a much higher concentration of power in the hands of a small number of entities. The decentralization ratio of Ripple is relatively low, as the majority of the network's validation and consensus is handled by a small number of centralized nodes. This centralization has been a source of controversy in the cryptocurrency community, with some proponents arguing that it provides for faster and more efficient transactions, while others argue that it undermines the key principles of decentralization and security.

These are just a few examples of the many cryptocurrencies that exist, each with its own unique decentralization ratio. The decentralization ratio of a cryptocurrency can have a significant impact on its security, stability, and overall functioning, and it's an important factor to consider when evaluating the potential of a cryptocurrency investment.

  • Decentralized Currency: Decentralized currency, also known as cryptocurrency, is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography and a decentralized network to secure and verify transactions.

  • Decentralized Network: A decentralized network is a network architecture that operates without a central authority or centralized point of control.