What is Java?

Java is an incredibly powerful and versatile programming language. It was first released in 1995 and has since become one of the most popular languages for developing applications for the web, mobile, desktop, and enterprise environments. Java is object-oriented, meaning it uses classes to represent real-world objects which can then be manipulated using programming techniques. This makes it easier for developers to create flexible, high-performance applications which can be deployed across a wide range of environments. Java is also platform independent, meaning code written in Java can run on any operating system or device that supports it. This makes it ideal for developing complex applications that will run on multiple platforms. Finally, Java is highly secure and reliable, making it a great choice for applications that need to protect sensitive data. With its combination of power, versatility, portability, and security, Java is an excellent choice for developing almost any application.

Java continues to evolve with new versions released regularly, introducing features such as Lambda Expressions and Streams which make coding faster and more efficient. This, combined with its wide range of libraries and frameworks, makes it an incredibly powerful tool for developers and businesses alike. With a long track record of success in developing applications across multiple platforms, Java is here to stay as one of the most popular programming languages available today. 

Popular examples of Java based services

Apache Tomcat is a popular open-source Java application server used to build and deploy enterprise Java applications, web apps, and services. It supports servlets, JSPs, and WebSocket technologies (among others) as well as providing access to a wide range of database connections via JDBC drivers.

Eclipse IDE is an integrated development environment for building Java applications with cross-platform support for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux platforms. It includes a debugger, code editor with syntax highlighting capabilities, compiler for multiple languages including Java and C/C++, version control system integration and many more features.

Jenkins is an open source continuous integration tool written in Java that enables developers to automate the process of building and testing software. It is primarily used for integration, orchestration and delivery processes, but can also be used to monitor external jobs such as cron jobs, or tasks executed on remote machines. Jenkins supports many plug-ins that extend its functionality so it can be tailored to meet the needs of any development team. 

Simplified Example

Java is like a recipe for making a cake. Just like a recipe tells you what ingredients to use and how to mix them together to make a cake, Java tells a computer what instructions to follow to make a program. And just as different cakes can be made with the same recipe by adjusting ingredients or changing the steps, different programs can be made using Java by adjusting the code.