What is a Scamcoin?

A scamcoin is a type of cryptocurrency that is created with the intention of defrauding investors. Scamcoins are often promoted as the next big thing in the world of cryptocurrency, with promises of high returns and low risk. However, these promises are typically false and the creators of scamcoins often have no intention of delivering on them.

Scamcoins are created through a process called a "pump and dump" scheme, where the creators artificially inflate the price of the coin by promoting it heavily and buying large amounts of it themselves. This causes the price to rise, attracting more investors who believe they are getting in on the ground floor of a profitable investment. However, once the creators have made a significant profit, they will suddenly sell off their holdings, causing the price to plummet.

Scamcoins can also be created through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), which are fundraising events that allow investors to buy into a new cryptocurrency before it is officially launched. In many cases, scamcoin creators will launch an ICO with the intention of raising funds and then disappearing without delivering on their promises.

It's important to be cautious when investing in any cryptocurrency, and to thoroughly research any coin before investing in it. Some signs that a coin may be a scamcoin include promises of guaranteed returns, a lack of transparency or information about the development team, and a strong focus on short-term gains rather than the underlying technology or use case.

Investors who are looking to avoid scamcoins should also be careful of coins that are being heavily promoted on social media, as this is often a sign that the creators are trying to artificially inflate the price. Additionally, it's a good idea to stay away from coins that are not listed on reputable exchanges, as this can indicate that the coin is not being actively traded and is more likely to be a scam.

In conclusion, scamcoins are a serious problem in the world of cryptocurrency, and investors should be cautious when considering any investment in this space. By doing your research and being mindful of the signs of a scamcoin, you can help protect yourself from being defrauded.

Simplified Example

A scamcoin can be compared to a shiny rock that someone is trying to sell as a valuable gemstone. Just like the shiny rock, a scamcoin might look appealing and like a good investment, but it is not actually worth much. The person selling the shiny rock might try to convince you that it is valuable, but in reality, it's just a piece of rock that has no real value. Similarly, a scamcoin is a type of digital currency that might look like a good investment, but it is actually worthless and is only being sold to trick people into giving their money away. Just like the shiny rock, a scamcoin is not a real investment, and it is important to be careful and do your research before investing in any type of digital currency.

History of the Term "Scamcoin"

The term "scamcoin" entered online discussions and forums circa 2013-2014, coinciding with the rapid growth of the cryptocurrency landscape. Though the exact originator remains unknown, its appearance likely mirrors a spontaneous response to the proliferation of deceitful cryptocurrency projects during the initial fervor surrounding the technology.


Onecoin: Onecoin was a cryptocurrency scam that was launched in 2014 and promoted as a "revolutionary" new digital currency. The scam involved a multi-level marketing (MLM) scheme, where investors were encouraged to recruit others to join the network and buy Onecoin. Despite promises of high returns and a bright future, Onecoin had no real underlying technology and was not backed by any assets. Eventually, the scheme collapsed, and many investors lost their money. The Onecoin scam was widely publicized and is considered one of the largest cryptocurrency scams to date.

Bitconnect: Bitconnect was a cryptocurrency scam that was launched in 2016 and promoted as a high-yield investment program. The scam involved a MLM scheme, where investors were encouraged to buy Bitconnect coins and lend them back to the company in exchange for a daily interest rate. The company claimed that the interest was generated by a sophisticated trading bot that was making massive profits for the company. In reality, the trading bot was fake, and the interest payments were simply being paid from new investments made by other victims. The scheme eventually collapsed, and many investors lost their money.

PonziCoin: PonziCoin is a fictional example of a scamcoin, named after the infamous Ponzi scheme. A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment scheme that promises high returns with little to no risk. In the case of PonziCoin, the scam would involve creating a new cryptocurrency, promoting it as a revolutionary investment opportunity, and encouraging investors to buy the coin. The scammers would then use the funds from new investors to pay out returns to early investors, creating the illusion of profitability. Eventually, the scheme would collapse when the scammers could no longer attract new investors, and many investors would lose their money.

  • Scam: Any fraudulent or deceptive activity that is aimed at exploiting individuals, businesses or organizations for financial gain.

  • Scammer: A person or group of people who engage in fraudulent or deceptive activities with the intention of taking advantage of others and obtaining financial gain.