What is the United States House Committee on Financial Services?

The United States House Committee on Financial Services, also known as the House Banking committee, is one of the most powerful committees in Congress. It has jurisdiction over a vast array of financial services and institutions, ranging from banks to credit unions, insurance companies to securities exchanges. The committee has oversight authority over the Federal Reserve Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), and many other regulatory agencies. Additionally, it reviews legislation related to housing finance reform and consumer protection. As part of its legislative responsibilities, the committee works with other committees such as Energy and Commerce; Ways; Means; Judiciary; Education; Labor; and Small Businesses to ensure strong consumer protections and sound economic policies.

The committee also monitors developments in the global economy, including examining possible implications for U.S. financial services markets and consumers. It plays a significant role in advancing economic growth through its oversight of tax policy, reform of housing finance, and ensuring strong capital requirements to promote a safe and sound financial system. The House Financial Services Committee is instrumental to delivering a fair, competitive market that works for all Americans by promoting responsible regulation and fostering innovation and business opportunities for individuals, small businesses, and communities. By working together with the private sector, it helps create an environment where everyone can thrive financially.

With its oversight authority over the Federal Reserve Board and other regulatory agencies, the committee strives to ensure American families are protected from fraud or exploitation while encouraging innovative solutions that promote financial stability. With its commitment to fiscal responsibility, the committee works to ensure that public funds are used effectively and efficiently, while also protecting taxpayers from unnecessary burdens. Through these efforts, the House Financial Services Committee is helping create a brighter future for all Americans. The House Financial Services Committee is chaired by Congressman Maxine Waters of California who has served as the Chair since January 2019. Under her leadership, the committee has passed several bills aimed at providing relief for small businesses during COVID-19, protecting consumers from predatory lending practices, strengthening affordable housing measures and more. With its commitment to fiscal responsibility and oversight authority over the Federal Reserve Board and other regulatory agencies, the House Financial Services Committee is helping create a brighter future for all Americans by delivering sound economic policies that protect consumers and promote responsible regulation.

Simplified Example

The United States House Committee on Financial Services is like a group of people who help make rules for banks and money. Imagine you're playing a game with your friends and you have to follow certain rules, like not stealing each other's money or not cheating. This group of people make similar rules for banks and money, so that they don't do anything bad or unfair. They make sure that the banks are doing what they're supposed to do and that people's money is safe.

The History of The United States House Committee on Financial Services

The United States House Committee on Financial Services traces its roots to the early 19th century, evolving through several iterations before assuming its current structure and responsibilities. Initially established as the Committee on Banking and Currency in 1865, it primarily oversaw financial and monetary policies. Over time, the committee underwent various transformations, reflecting changing economic landscapes and legislative priorities. In 2001, it was reconstituted as the House Committee on Financial Services, broadening its scope to include oversight of financial markets, housing, insurance, banking, and monetary policy, wielding significant influence in shaping legislation, regulations, and policies governing the nation's financial sector. This committee plays a crucial role in formulating and regulating financial and economic policies, contributing to the stability and functioning of the U.S. financial system.


The United Kingdom Parliament's House of Commons has a similar committee called the Treasury Select Committee. The Treasury Select Committee oversees the Treasury and its subordinate departments, as well as related public bodies, such as the Bank of England. This committee has the authority to examine the work of the Treasury, review the government's annual budget, and make recommendations on any economic and financial matters that it deems necessary. It also has special powers to summon witnesses and to require documents to be produced in order to further its investigations.

The European Parliament also has a committee for economic and monetary affairs, known as the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). This committee is responsible for the economic and monetary policy of the European Union and exercises control over the European Central Bank. It has the authority to review proposals from the European Commission and the European Council, and to submit its own recommendations on economic and monetary policy. The ECON committee is also responsible for monitoring the implementation of the European Union's budget, as well as its financial regulations.

In India, the Department of Financial Services is responsible for overseeing the financial sector and it is supported by a Committee of Secretaries in the Ministry of Finance. This committee is made up of senior officials from the Ministry of Finance, the Reserve Bank of India, and other regulatory bodies, and is responsible for creating policies for the financial sector. The Committee of Secretaries also reviews financial regulations, and makes recommendations on any changes that might need to be made. Additionally, the committee is involved in the development and implementation of financial systems, such as the banking systems, insurance systems, and currency systems of India.

  • Financial Crime Enforcement Network (FinCEN): Financial Crime Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is a bureau of the U.S. Department of Treasury charged with combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other financial crimes.

  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF): The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an intergovernmental organization established in 1989 to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.